CBD and THC are both important cannabinoids over the 85 cannabinoids found on the cannabis plant that offer a wide array of medicinal and recreational benefits. Both of these cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system to deliver its effects. CBD is found on both cannabis plant and industrial hemp while the THC is only found on cannabis plants.
The levels of THC and CBD vary for each strain type. There are strains that are high in CBD and low in THC, balanced ratios of THC and CBD and the most common is high in THC and low in CBD. Both of these cannabinoids has to offer when it comes to medical marijuana for its 12000-year-old history.
Chemical Structure of CBD and THC
Both CBD and THC are compounds that contain 21 atoms of carbon, 30 atoms of hydrogen and 2 atoms of oxygen. They are both have low solubility in water and when heated they are easily de-carboxylated and altered that is why they can easily take effect into the mental and physical functioning of the body. CBD and THC almost has the same chemical structure but what differentiates them is the arrangement of these compounds
CBD vs. THC When it comes to High
When it comes to the high, THC interacts with the endocannabinoids of the different parts of the body that makes you feel high, while the CBD only interacts with the endocannabinoids of the body where there is inflammation. Both cannabinoids provide the same level of effects and treatment when it comes to bodily and mental functioning when cannabinoids bind with CB1 and CB2 receptors.
The CB1 receptors are prominent in the central nervous system and the CB2 receptors are prominent in the peripheral nervous system. When the THC binds with the CB1 receptors the psychoactive effects will influence the brain and the spinal cord and when the CBD binds with the CB2 receptors, the medicinal benefits such as the anti-inflammatory properties will take effect without feeling any distortions on the mental thinking and the bodily functions like THC do.
How CBD and THC Reacts To The Medicinal Field
The reason why CBD benefits more on the medicinal field because the level of potency needed in treating different kinds of illnesses is more concentrated and that the bind of CBD and the CB2 receptors has a stronger affinity. On the other hand, THC also has to offer when it comes to the medicinal field but not as wide coverage as the CBD does. Even at higher doses, CBD is well tolerated unlike THC wherein its side effects may long-term negative psychiatric effects.
The medical uses of CBD are Anti seizure, anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, anti-tumor anti-psychotic and it treats depression and inflammatory bowel diseases while the most common uses of THC in the medicinal field is analgesic, anti-nauseant, appetite stimulant, reduces glaucoma symptoms, anti-anxiety, and muscular spasticity.
CBD and THC are actually both psychoactive that has the ability to affects the functioning of the brain in the cognition, perception, and behavior. However, the reason why CBD does not make you high because it is non-intoxicating while the THC contributes a lot to the cannabis psychoactivity that has the ability to alter the body and mental functioning.
Since THC and CBD have different molecular structures and they do not interact with the receptors in the same manner, then there is also a big difference in how the body reacts to the high. They may share similarities but they do have a lot of distinct characteristics on how they affect the mind and the body.
When there is a combination of 2 or more chemical compounds, you don’t get a sum of each part but you can get a multiplying effect that can amplify each other’s chemical compounds. The entourage effect aims to utilize different cannabinoids to a whole to function to more efficient and effective.
A perfect example of this is when both THC and CBD is chemically combined together to act as a powerful agent especially in the medical field. The types of strains that have high cbd low thc hemp seeds levels are reported to be the greatest strains to treat mild to serious physical or mental disabilities.
The key to maximizing the effects and benefits of THC and CBD is to understand how these cannabinoids react differently into our body. Strains that are high in THC and low in CBD is the most common strains available in the market but with the rising demand for a natural cure to different illnesses, CBD is already becoming popular to cultivators. Whether you are using cannabis medicinally or recreationally in large doses in a day it will still boil down on how responsible you are in managing it.