So you are growing cannabis at home using a small indoor cannabis grow set up. This is a perfect way to care for your plants closely and to monitor them as well. Small growing setups like a cabinet or tent are also the easiest ways to hide your crops from others. If you are in a place where cannabis growing is unwelcome, you can use a small growing space like a tent or cabinet to grow your own supply.
Germinating your cannabis seeds
The very first step in growing indoor cannabis seeds is to germinate them. Suppose you already have good seeds with you and you are ready to grow them, you need to provide your seeds with the best growing environment to start to sprout.
Grow Weed Easy says that the process of germination is when the seeds are all ready to open and to grow the first plant parts. You will know when your cannabis seeds have sprouted when you notice a white tendril called the taproot coming out of the seed. The taproot is created inside the seed and this is the very first root where all the other root systems will grow out of.
Afterwards, the very first round leaves called “cotyledons” will emerge from inside the seed. The cotyledons were already created inside the seed embryo. Afterwards, the first leaves will emerge. These are completely different from the cotyledons because these will have jagged edges or serrations.
Basic germination needs
Marijuana seeds will need moisture for these to sprout. You must keep the surroundings moist to stimulate germination but not wet or soaking wet. The seeds should be moist for up to 24 to 32 hours. Do not leave your seeds soaking for more than this time because these can drown.
Your seeds need peace and quiet so you must leave it in a quiet place to sprout. These need warmth to germinate as well. If possible, germinate when the climate is warm or in a springtime-kind of climate. You can germinate in a cool climate but it could take time to sprout the seed. Check on your seeds constantly but treat these gently especially when you move or transplant these into large containers. Never touch the taproot because this can easily snap off. You can also stress your plant when you move the root and this could lead to growing problems and lower yields.
When the seeds have germinated, orient the taproot downwards into the soil or growing medium so that it will be able to easily take root and sprout. Plant the seedling about half inch to an inch down from the surface of the soil. Your cannabis seeds should germinate during the spring to take advantage of the long days of summer.
Germinate cannabis seeds in starter plugs and grow cubes
When germinating cannabis seeds, use a specially-made starter cube or seedling plug. This method is one of the most preferred by growers because it is easier to do and will reduce stressing seedlings. Just place the seed in the cube or plug add water and leave the seeds alone to germinate. Each cube or seedling plug has a hole where you can simply drop the seed in. Pinch the top with your fingers to cover the seeds and voila! The best starter cube is Rapid Rooters because these are easy to use and is readily available from any cannabis growing supplies store or garden shop. Just stick the seed inside the Rapid Rooter and keep these warm and moist. The seedlings and roots will appear from the cubes in a matter of a few days. Rapid Rooter starter cubes can be used in soil, hydro or in coco coir.
You can also count on Rockwool Cubes for germinating your cannabis seeds. This is used by hydroponic cannabis growers because this can be placed in hydroponic setups. Rockwool is versatile and can accommodate more moisture. These are also resistant to mold growth. This material is cheap and is easy to find but growers report some disadvantages.
Rockwool cubes is not a natural material. This was made by heating rock and chalk to 3,000°F while air is blown through the mixture to create very fine fibers of rocky material. This material will never break down and will remain in this form for the rest of its life. Throwing one away will fill a landfill and clog drains. It is also an allergen because of its fine consistency. It is dusty and therefore you need to rinse this completely before adding your seeds. The very fine bits of Rockwool can get into your eyes, nose, and lungs can cause allergies and respiratory problems. If you want to use this material, wear a mask and gloves.
Jiffy Pellets are another very popular material used to germinate cannabis seeds. This used like Rockwool cubes but are more health-friendly than Rockwool. Jiffy pellets will work perfectly with soil but are not for hydroponic setups because roots are grown in water. Jiffy Pellets can readily work for soil or coco coir setups. Jiffy Pellets provides better germination rates and are available in dried pellets which you can use for a long time. All you need to do is to soak Jiffy pellets in warm water so that these will expand. Once the pellets have expanded in warm water, squeeze the pellet to remove excess water. You may now place the seed in and simply pinch the top to seal it.
Planting cannabis seedlings in growing mediums
When planting seeds in the soil it should be a knuckle deep in moist soil. Keep the seeds warm by placing it under a grow light or by using a heating pad. This is a very easy way to germinate cannabis especially if you are new to growing weed. If you want to use coco Coir or other soilless growing mediums, plant your seeds like you would when growing in soil.
Using a germination station
A germination tool is used to create an optimum environment to sprout your seeds. This has been designed to provide the best germination conditions and the best results. If this is not available then you can make your own germination station at home. You can use a plastic dome over a plate and placing this on a heating pad.
A starter seedling cube is used to germinate the seeds inside a germination station. Starting seeds in starter cubes can also make it easier to transfer to their next growing medium or to a larger final pot.
Once your seed has sprouted, simply create a little hole in the middle of your growing medium, and place the pellet inside the soil. Do not touch the taproot as you do this or risk stressing your plants. The growing medium should be moist like the pellet or cube.
Soaking in water overnight
Still another way to sprout marijuana seeds is to soak these in warm water overnight. This method is effective for stubborn seeds which have very hard shells. This can also work for seeds that are more mature or older. Soaking seeds in warm water overnight can revitalize seeds that are older as well. Seeds that will remain floating should be discarded because these don’t have any heavy insides and thus are not viable.
If you use a clear drinking glass you will see the little white taproot early. This will soon break through the hard shell. However, some cannabis seeds may take longer than others to sprout. Do not keep seeds soaking for too long because these can drown. After 24 hours, place ungerminated seeds in a warm and moist environment to finish their germinating phase.
The paper towel method
Another popular germinating method is the damp paper towel method. This is easy to do and will require simple materials as well. You will need some damp paper towels, two plates and seeds for this technique. Just wet some paper towels and drain it well so that there will be damp and not soaking. Fold the seeds in and cover with plates. Leave your seeds in a quiet, safe and dark place to start germinating.
If possible, use cheap paper towels because these work better than luxurious 4 ply towels. This kind of paper towel is not porous therefore seeds can take advantage of the damp environment plus seeds will not fall out from the paper. These are also non-porous so the roots could grow without getting stuck. The more expensive paper towels are not so good for germination because roots grow into them.
Make sure that you maintain the damp environment and be careful when checking your seeds. Do not touch the tap root if it has sprouted because this can stress and even kill your seedlings. Growers also recommend putting paper towels under an upside-down bowl or between two plates. Open the plates only to check on your seeds once every 12 hours and place these in a dark area of your homes like a cupboard or kitchen cabinet.